Vehicles & Weapons
Some details on the weaponry and vehicles represented in the game
North Vietnam Army and Viet Cong
- T-54 is a Soviet medium tank – the most-produced tank in history – the total number of manufactured pieces amounted to 100,000, including the T-55 variant. Many countries still have it in service. It weights just 36 tons despite being decently armored (up to 200mm) and armed (100mm gun, one 12.7mm and two 7.62mm machine guns).
- The T-34-85 is a famous WWII Soviet tank (more than 35,000 units were manufactured since 1944; some of them still serve in the armies of several countries). It is equipped with 85mm gun and two 7.62mm machine guns while its armor is up to 90mm thick (gun mantlet). It weights 32 tons.
- The YW-531 is a Chinese amphibious armored personnel carrier also known as Type 63. Its armor thickness is up to 14mm and the armament consists of a single 12.7mm heavy machine gun.
- The ZU-23-2 is a towable twin anti-air auto cannon originating as far back as late 1950s, which is often used against various ground targets as well.
- NVA and Viet Cong had used ZiS and GAZ-67 cars as well as motorboats and fishing boats for transportation.
- Mi-4 military helicopters provided air support for the NVA units.
- The M48 Patton III was a main tank of the US Army during 1950-60. It weighed as much as 45 tons and was armed with the 90mm gun and two machine guns (0.50 and 0.30 caliber). Its armor was up to 110mm thick.
- The M24 Chaffee was a light tank designed during the WWII. It weighed just 18 tons while protected with up to 38mm thick armor and armed with 75mm gun and three machine guns (one 0.50 and two 0.30 caliber).
- The M113 is an amphibious armored personnel carrier designed in the 1960s. Its armor is up to 44mm thick and it is armed with one .50 Cal (12.7mm) machine gun. It is still in the service of the US Army and armies of many other countries.
- The M114 is a towed 155mm howitzer from WWII era that still remains in service in some countries today. It weighs 5,427 kg.
- This PBR MkI patrol boat is armed with two .50 Cal M2HB heavy machine guns in the game. Such boats become one of the symbols of the Vietnam War along with Huey helicopters.
- The US Army used M-151 Jeep M-37 3/4 ton Cargo Truck for transportation in Vietnam.
- Air support: UH-1B and UH-1C “Iroquois” military helicopters and F-4 Phantom II supersonic jet fighter-bomber.
Weapons US Army weapons
- The M-14 is a 7.62mm selective fire automatic rifle, which was a standard issue U.S. rifle during the 1960s. It was replaced by M-16 in 1970, but it remains in limited frontline service nowadays.
- The M21 is a semi-automatic sniper rifle adaptation of the Ì14 rifle. It was a cutting edge sniper weapon at the time of Vietnam War that had been tested in battle conditions there.
- The M1 Carbine – also known as a “Baby Garand” – is a light close combat weapon (initially developed for paratroopers) which has been used by the US military from 1941 to the end of the sixties.
- The M-16 (several models) is a 5.56mm family of assault rifles still being used by the US Army (and armies of many other countries) today. Total 10 million pieces were manufactured.
- M-1911A1 – this pistol model has been used by the US Army longer than any other firearm (1926 – 1990). It is capable of semi-automatic fire only. Around three million pieces were produced in the USA alone.
- The Smith and Wesson mk. 22 mod. 0 is an S&W mod. 39-2 pistol variant with silencer which had been issued to US special force squads.
- The M-79 is a 40mm US Army grenade launcher which has been widely used since 1961. It was designed to fulfill the fire support task at distances greater than hand grenade throw range and closer than minimum mortar fire range. Over 300,000 pieces were produced.
- The M1A1 Thompson submachine gun was a low-cost version of the famous “Tommy Gun” from the twenties. Thanks to mass production, one such SMG cost just $45 at 1944 compared to $209 before the WWII.
- The M3A1 Grease Gun is an extremely cheap sub-machine gun (it cost around $20 at the time of production) designed as a substitute for pricier Thompson SMG. (680,000 units were produced in total).
- The XM-177E1 Carbine “Colt Commando” is a shortened version of an M-16 rifle; a couple of thousand of them were used by the US Army in Vietnam War. This model was produced until 1970.
- The M-1919A4 is a .30 caliber US machine gun which had been widely used in WWII. Later it was replaced by the M-60 machine gun, but it is still being used by several countries.
- The M-60 is an American general purpose machine gun (almost direct copy of the German MG-42 machine gun) that served in Vietnam as a squad automatic weapon. Today these machine guns have been largely replaced by more modern designs such as M240 and M249.
- The Browning M2HB is a .50 caliber (12.7mm) heavy machine gun, very similar in design to a smaller Browning M-1919. It has been manufactured since 1933 and has been in use longer than any other firearm in US inventory except the M1911 pistol.
- M72 LAW – this one-shot 66mm anti-tank rocket launcher is a descendant of a German “Panzerfaust”. Currently in the US Army it is being gradually replaced by more modern AT-4, but M72 weights less and is cheaper. It can penetrate up to 200mm of an armor plate.
- The M29 is an 81mm mortar that had been used by the US Army in Vietnam War.
- The M2 flamethrower has been used by the US Army as far back as WWII era. Its capacity allowed for up to 7 seconds of continuous firing while its maximum range was up to 30 meters.
- The Claymore M18A1 is a directional anti-personnel mine (small metal spheres are ejected during its explosion effectively killing or incapacitating infantry up to 100m in distance). Many countries produce licensed copies of this mine or their own mine models based on it.
- Other US Army weapons represented in the game are Mk II and M61 fragmentation grenades, M18 smoke grenade and C-4 explosives.
Soviet and other weapons
- AK – the Kalashnikov assault rifle is the most widespread firearm in the world thanks to its reliability, sturdiness and simplicity (as many as 100 000 000 assault rifles of this family are estimated to be produced to this day). The first “AK” model (often erroneously called AK-47) is represented in the game.
- SKS-45 – Simonov self-loading carbine. For several years it had been issued to Soviet troops on a par with the AK (it was deemed necessary to have more accurate fire at long distances, albeit semi-automatic only, for some troops in a squad). Today it’s a popular weapon on civil market thanks for its low cost. Around 15 million units were produced.
- The SVD-63 – Dragunov semi-automatic sniper rifle – was adopted by the Soviet army in 1963.
- The Mosin rifle (including sniper model). This rifle was adopted by the Army of Russian Empire as long ago as 1891 and its variants were produced until 1965 with around 35 000 000 units total. It’s interesting to know that it still remains in the Russian Army arsenal officially, albeit it is not being used in practice.
- The Mauser Kar98k is a shortened version of the Mauser 98 rifle adopted by German army in 1898. There were more than 14 000 000 units produced.
- The TT-33 is a semi-automatic pistol TT (Tulskiy Tokarev). Its production started in 1930 (around 1,700,000 were made).
- The PM is a semi-automatic Makarov pistol designed in 1951. Total number of units produced was 2 million in the USSR alone.
- The Nagant M1895 is a seven-shot revolver designed specially for the Army of the Russian Empire (adopted in 1895, total 2 million units produced).
- The PPSh-41 is a famous sub-machine gun from the WWII-era designed to be cheap for mass production. Its rate of fire is 900 rounds per minute. The original drum magazine was later replaced by a ‘banana clip’ because the drum magazine was complex to make and a drum taken from one PPSh could have failed to fit into another. North Vietnam produced its own PPSh model designated K-50.
- The RPD is a 7.62mm Degtyaryov light machine gun designed in 1944. Its drum magazine contains an ammo belt with 100 cartridges. This machine gun has been gradually replaced by the RPK, but it is still being stored in Russian army depots.
- The RPK (Kalashnikov light machine gun) is an AK model with a lengthened and thickened barrel which is more suited for sustained fire (but it is not replaceable in case of overheating). It is compatible with standard AK clips and special drum magazines (up to 100 rounds capacity).
- DshK – this 12.7mm heavy machine gun was designed in 1938 with anti-tank (a bullet fired from it can penetrate up to 20mm armor at 500 meters) and anti-air capabilities in mind. This machine gun has been widely used in various military conflicts around the world and has been manufactured in China, Pakistan, Iran and so on. In the Russian Army it has largely been phased out by more modern models.
- The SGMT Goryunov 7.62mm heavy machine gun was designed in 1943 and had been used by the Soviet Army until the sixties when it was replaced by the PKS (Kalashnikov machine gun).
- The RPG-2 was the first rocket-propelled grenade launcher designed in the USSR (adopted by the late forties). It was based on the German “Panzerfaust” and American “Bazooka” designs and could penetrate armor up to 180mm in thickness.
- The RPG-7 is the most widespread and recognizable rocket-propelled grenade launcher in the world, currently in use by several dozen countries. It was adopted in 1961, but it is still capable of taking on modern heavy tanks with reactive armor plates thanks to new grenades compatible with it. PG-7V grenade which was a standard issue item at the time of Vietnam War is capable of penetrating armor over 260mm in thickness.
- The production of the 82-RM-41 Soviet 82mm mortar started in 1941. Later it was replaced by newer models.
- Other NVA and Viet Cong weapons are the F1 and Chi Com fragmentation grenades, several mine types and dynamite.